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Lebanon: Temperature Rises and Risks Multiply

Since 1960, Lebanon has recorded a 0.11°C increase in mean annual temperature every decade and a 7% increase in the number of hot nights. There has been a decrease of 11 mm per month in average rainfall since 1950, in addition to a rise in Mediterranean Sea levels by roughly 20 mm per year, and an increase of 1.3°C in Mediterranean Sea surface water temperature since 1982.


Malak Makki | 24-11-2022

Climate Change and the Water Crisis in Iraq: Indicators of Vulnerability and the Severity of Environmental Impact

Iraq is one of the most environmentally vulnerable and fragile countries in the world, ranking 129th out of 181 countries. This places the country at the heart of the violent effects of climate extremes and absolute water scarcity, which will render Iraq an uninhabitable environment in the next two decades due to the excessive increase in temperatures, low rainfall, lack of surface water and groundwater, the intensification of dust storms,...


Safaa Khalaf | 21-11-2022

The Question of Land

Nahla Chahal 2022-11-10

The disquieting outcome common to all the cases studied in this folder is the depletion of cultivated land, in comparison to the enormous agricultural potential which might have been realized...

Morocco: Who Owns the Land?

Mohamed Hakech 2022-11-01

In the State’s name and under its guardianship, the Green Morocco Plan places the major elements of production (land, capital, and water) in the hands of the agricultural capitalists and...

The Feminization of Precarious Labour

Nahla Chahal 2022-10-26

These women mostly undertake hard labour with their “usual” patience, precision, resilience, selflessness, and great capacity for sacrifice - all of which are characteristics that are presumed to be inherently...

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