People in this small country hardly contemplate the different schools in Salafism and think that all Salafist ideologies are reduced to ISIS. Additionally, they do not reflect on the ideological and social convergence between Salafism and the Muslim Brotherhood nor do they question the political differences between them. Over the last few months, Jordan’s Muslim Brothers have sought to exploit the rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and in Syria to persuade both state and society that they represent the sole bulwark against extremism. But do the Muslim Brotherhood really offer moderate political and social solutions? And are they capable of producing genuine alternatives? Also, what is the impact of the recent arrest wave that has targeted Muslim Brotherhood members?